The Omer: agricultural roots, contemporary sensibilities
Counting the Omer is a tradition from Judaism loaded with rich symbolism, and attached to a simple 49-day practice.
Counting of the Omer represents a period in ancient days when the people would travel to the temple in Jerusalem to make offerings from their early spring harvest. Seven weeks later, they would bring a second grain offering from the later harvest.
Each pair of attributes is referred to in kabbalistic literature as a gateway to Divine Presence. These gates serve as spiritual guideposts, an opportunity to re-orient oneself on the trail of life.
After the destruction of the ancient temple, people eventually came to observe Shavuot as the ritual anniversary of receiving the Torah at Mt. Sinai, a celebration of wisdom and learning.
The agricultural and communal origins of the Omer make it an excellent opportunity for considering our relationship to each other, to the Earth that sustains us, and to the Source and Breath of All Life, all of which bless our own lives each day.
Right now, even more than usual, we can use all the help we can get to navigate what we, as individuals, and as a global community, are facing.
The Omer offers the fertile spiritual soil of kabbalistic imagery. Through it, we can notice qualities in ourselves we want to nurture, such as kindness, discipline, balance, and endurance.
Jewish mysticism and the seven sefirot
Jewish mystics of the sixteenth century devised a way to count the Omer by invoking seven qualities of the Divine, also found in us, and thought of as basic elements of the Tree of Life. Each quality, or seﬁrah, is thought to be essential for a healthy balanced life.
The seven attributes are: (1) loving-kindness (chesed); (2) strength/discipline (gevurah); (3) beauty/balance (tiferet); (4) endurance (netzach); (5) splendor/wonder/humility (hod); (6) connection/foundation/creativity (yesod); (7) Divine Presence (malkhut/shekhina).
Each week of the Omer is represented by one of these qualities. Each day of the week is as well. So on each day of the Omer, a practitioner can focus on two particular qualities.
For example, the third day of each week is symbolized by tiferet, which represents balance, beauty and harmony. The ﬁrst week is symbolized by chesed, which is loving-kindness. So on the third day of the ﬁrst week a practitioner might meditate on what it means to have balance and harmony in their lives, and to have that nestled within loving-kindness.
How to count the Omer
Traditionally, the Omer is counted in the evening, since sundown is the beginning of the day on the Jewish calendar. The practitioner says a blessing, and then announces the day that is being counted.
Several versions of the blessing are in this post, including two in Hebrew (feminine and masculine God language), transliterations, and English.
After saying the blessing, the practitioner announces the day. For example, “Today is the tenth day, which makes two weeks and three days of the Omer.”
Here’s the traditional blessing in Hebrew, transliteration, and English. There are two versions of the Hebrew, one using feminine language for God, and the other using masculine language for God. Use whichever of the Hebrew and English versions work for you.
English gender-neutral version of the blessing
Blessed are you, Eternal One-ness, Source and Breath of All Life, that has made us holy with your mitzvot, and compels us to count the Omer.
If you prefer feminine God language in Hebrew:
בְּרוּכָה אָת שְׁכִינַה אֱלָתֵנוּ חֵי הָעוֹלָמִים אֲשֶׁר קִדְְּשָׁתְנ בְּמִצְוֹתֵהָּ וְצִוָתְנוּ עַל סְפִירַת הָעֹמֶר
B’rukhah at Shekhinah Elateynu khey ha’olamim asher kideshatnu bemitzvoteha vetzivatnu al sefirat ha’omer.
Blessed are you, Shekhina (Divine Presence), Life of All the Worlds, that has made us holy with your mitzvot, and compels us to count the Omer.
If you prefer masculine God language, or just like the traditional way of saying the blessing:
בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יהוה (אֲדֹנָי) אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל סְפִירַת הָעֹמֶר
Baruch ata YHVH (adonai), eloheynu melech ha-olam, asher kidshanu b’mitzvotav vetzivanu al seﬁrat ha-omer.
Blessed are you YHVH (Adonai / YaH / Havayah), sovereign of the universe, that has made us holy with your mitzvot, and compels us to count the Omer.
Announcing the day
There are many calendars available that can help you keep track of which day it is in the Omer.
I plan to post the blessing, day’s count, and a poetic meditation for each day on this blog. The meditations can also be found in the collection I published. You can contact me directly to get a copy by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org .
I also highly recommend the book Counting the Omer: A Kabbalistic Meditation Guide by Min Kantrowitz. It is a practical and informative resource ﬁlled with rich spiritual teachings and guidance for counting the Omer.
You might also be interested in trying this app from Rabbis David Cooper and David Seidman. I’m going to try this myself for the first time this year. If you use it, or any of the resources provided here, I’d love knowing what you think. Leave me a comment at the bottom of this page.